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Tom Kha Gai Soup

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Thai ginger lemongrass soup - Authentic Tom Kha Gai - A nourishing and healthy Thai soup recipe by GoodieGodmother.com

This month it was my turn to pick the ingredient for the Monthly Ingredient Challenge, and my choice was 100% based on this soup. I picked coconut, since the soup has coconut milk, and I knew it would be an easy ingredient to source for everyone; galangal and lemongrass aren’t always so simple. 😉 But this is the Godfather’s favorite Thai soup, his metric for all Thai restaurants we visit, and so worth making, even if it is 100 degrees outside. Goodie Godmother – your recipe blog for seasonably inappropriate recipes. And today, we do not care.

Thai ginger lemongrass soup - Authentic Tom Kha Gai - A nourishing and healthy Thai soup recipe by GoodieGodmother.com

Tom kha gai (also spelled thom kah gai or tom ka gai) soup is a Thai soup with coconut, lemongrass, Thai ginger (galangal), chilis, lime, and some sort of protein, usually chicken. It’s a little sweet, very savory, a touch spicy, all the things one needs for a true umami experience.

Thai ginger lemongrass soup - Authentic Tom Kha Gai - A nourishing and healthy Thai soup recipe by GoodieGodmother.com

I was so set on making this a slow cooker recipe. My mother had this soup for the first time with us on a trip through Las Vegas, which included a stop at Lotus of Siam, and she LOVED it. My mother wanted to know how to make it, but my mother does not cook. If it takes more than 10 minutes, it’s too complicated. So I wanted to tell her, and you, that this soup, with all its layers of flavors, is as easy as “set it and forget it”, but it’s not, and it can’t be because of the coconut milk. Coconut milk doesn’t hold up well to low and slow cooking without a starch or something to absorb it, and it will separate and look rather unappetizing, and we don’t want this. BUT, I have a compromise! The broth is actually very easy to make, and it does freeze well, so I propose that when you do take the 20 minutes to make it, you simply double the batch, freeze half for later, and go about your happy soup making way. Thaw the frozen stock and you have a fresh batch of tom kha gai soup in minutes with minimal effort. Oh, and it probably tastes even better than the first time around because the flavors have had time to get to know each other.

Thai ginger lemongrass soup - Authentic Tom Kha Gai - A nourishing and healthy Thai soup recipe by GoodieGodmother.com

Like I said earlier, this soup is my husband’s absolute favorite Thai soup, and I had to get the flavors just the way he liked them. We were so fortunate to visit many really good Thai restaurants that make this dish in a traditional style, so I wanted to come as close to that as possible. My recipe ended up being a modification from this one on Small Footprint Family, and one out of this Thai cookbook by Judy Bastyra. We tried both recipes, and neither quite had the flavors L (The Godfather), remembered from the Thai restaurants, so I created my own modified version that he loves!

Thai ginger lemongrass soup - Authentic Tom Kha Gai - A nourishing and healthy Thai soup recipe by GoodieGodmother.com

Let’s start by talking about ingredients, because this is one of those recipes where the more authentic your ingredients, the more authentic your soup. I’d recommend a trip to the local Asian market to source some of the items, but I have seen more Asian produce working its way into traditional supermarkets, so you may be in luck depending on your area. The first really important ingredient to look for is fresh lemongrass. I’ve used the jarred in a pinch, but fresh is best if you can find it. The second, and probably the most important, is galangal, or Thai ginger. Galangal, like ginger, is a root, and it looks very similar to ginger, but it isn’t. The flavor is distinct and you can read more about the differences here if you’re curious.. This soup is called tom kha gai… the kha meaning galangal, so you really need to try and find fresh galangal for an authentic flavor. If you really can’t, you may substitute ginger, but I really really really really really really really encourage you to look for the galangal. It’s not too hard to find, promise. 🙂 The third ingredient that might be unfamiliar are the kaffir lime leaves. I find them fresh in the produce section of my local Asian market, and I’ve heard they freeze well too, although I haven’t tried. And finally, chilis. You want to look for the small bird’s eye or Thai chilies. They are really spicy though, and if you have people in your family who prefer different levels of spice, I would recommend purchasing Thai chili paste instead. Since we have a toddler, I opted to go the chili paste route so my husband and I could add spice to our liking later. Keep in mind that chili paste is different than the sweet spicy chili sauce. Chili paste is a deep red and sold in smaller jars.

Thai ginger lemongrass soup - Authentic Tom Kha Gai - A nourishing and healthy Thai soup recipe by GoodieGodmother.com

Now that you’ve sourced the ingredients, making the soup is easy! You start by making your broth, simmering together the lemongrass, garlic, chilies, galangal, lime leaves, and other spices for a few minutes to bring the flavors together. Then you strain the broth using a mesh sieve to remove the solids, add your vegetables and protein, simmer, and serve!

Thai ginger lemongrass soup - Authentic Tom Kha Gai - A nourishing and healthy Thai soup recipe by GoodieGodmother.com

If you’re serving this as a main dish, and we usually do, feel free to add a little jasmine rice on the side. Garnish with fresh cilantro and lime wedges for a fragrant, nutritious soup perfect any time of year. 😉

Be sure to scroll past the recipe to check out the other fabulous coconut inspired dishes!

Thai ginger lemongrass soup - Authentic Tom Kha Gai - A nourishing and healthy Thai soup recipe by GoodieGodmother.com

Tom Kha Gai Soup

Yield: 4-6 servings
Prep Time: 20 minutes
Cook Time: 20 minutes
Total Time: 40 minutes

Lemongrass, galangal, coconut milk, and chicken make a comforting and healthy classic Thai soup!

Ingredients

  • 3 stalks fresh lemongrass (about 1¼ c chopped)
  • 2 14 ounce cans of coconut milk
  • 3 cups chicken stock
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 1-2 tsp chili paste or 3-5 Thai red chilies
  • 2.5" fresh galangal (Thai ginger)
  • 10 kaffir lime leaves
  • 3 tbsp fish sauce
  • 5 whole black peppercorns
  • 1 14 oz can baby corn
  • 2½ cups fresh chopped mushrooms
  • ⅓ cup fresh lime juice (about 2 large limes)
  • 1 lb boneless, skinless, chicken breast, sliced into thin strips or cut into small chunks

Instructions

  1. Slice the white portion, and about an inch or so of the green portion, of the lemongrass into rounds. Place in a large stock pot. Tear in 5 lime leaves, the peppercorns, and your chilies (if using).
  2. Peel the galangal and slice into thin rounds. Add to the stock pot along with your coconut milk and chicken broth.
  3. Bring the soup broth to a boil and then immediately reduce the heat to medium low and simmer gently for 10 minutes. Strain the broth into a new pan to remove the solids. If you doubled the broth to freeze some for later, separate what you'd like to freeze now.
  4. Place the soup back on the burner over medium low heat and add the mushrooms, baby corn, remaining lime leaves (tear before adding), and chicken. Cook 7-10 minutes until chicken is cooked through.
  5. Stir in the fresh lime juice and fish sauce.
  6. Serve and garnish with a lime wedge, fresh cilantro, and chili paste.

Notes

  • Make sure you are using canned coconut milk and not cream of coconut. Refrigerated coconut milk is too thin for this recipe. Cream of coconut is a sweetened ingredient used in cocktails, but not a good option for a savory soup!
  • If you cannot find the fresh lime leaves, you can use a peeler to carefully remove the zest from a lime before juicing. Simmer that in the soup and then remove the peel strips after cooking.

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Thai ginger lemongrass soup - Authentic Tom Kha Gai - A nourishing and healthy Thai soup recipe by GoodieGodmother.com

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Sarah

Sunday 9th of January 2022

I'm entirely fine with having a way for you to earn money from your work, but why is there no listing anywhere of how much of which ingredients is actually needed? Some of it can be found within the directs (e.g. how much lemongrass and lime leaf), but some of it cannot (e.g. peppercorns, chilis, broth, coconut milk). Even if I choose to get my ingredients through your affiliate link with Chicory, there is no information on amounts. As such, this is useless as a recipe. Very disappointed.

Mary (The Goodie Godmother)

Sunday 9th of January 2022

I'll admit, your comment caught me totally by surprise, Sarah! I went back in to check the post, and it seems that somehow a whole chunk of the ingredient list was deleted! I went ahead and updated by restoring to a previous version. You should be able to see everything now.

While this blog is my work, I have never, nor ever, plan to put up a paywall on my recipe posts or require people to order ingredients through a service to be able to make a recipe. I do hope you'll give this recipe a try, as it's one we enjoy at least a few times each year. Cheers!

Avocado Ranch Dressing - Goodie Godmother

Saturday 1st of June 2019

[…] Peanut Butter Chocolate Cake (peanut butter),¬†Bacon Ice Cream¬†(bacon), Preserved Lemons (lemon), Tom Kha Gai soup (coconut), and Lox and Bagels (cream cheese). […]

Brian Jones

Wednesday 12th of October 2016

Such a great recipe, I love Thai soups and Tom Kha Gai is right up there with the best, and if I can source the ingredients in my corner of Hungary I am pretty sure others can too :D

Whitney

Monday 10th of October 2016

I love Thai soups, but I've never made any at home before. I might just have to use this as my inspiration to make my first batch of Thai soup right as soup season begins.

Paige @ Where Latin Meets Lagniappe

Monday 10th of October 2016

This is definitely one of my very favorite soups Mary. I've never tried making it, but I've always wanted to - something about the combination of coconut and lemongrass ...it's such a savory, and tropical taste! Can't wait to try this!!!!!

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